Skin Lesion Removal
Moles and other birthmarks are benign pigmented spots or patches of skin that range in color from tan, brown and black (moles) to red, pink or purple (vascular lesions, such as strawberry hemangiomas or port wine stains). Though most birthmarks are harmless, they may develop into cancer. Moles exhibiting any of the following warning signs should be examined by a professional immediately:
- Larger than six millimeters.
- Itches or bleeds.
- Rapidly changes in color, size or shape.
- Has multiple colors.
- Is located where it can't be easily monitored, such as on the scalp.
Depending on their depth, location and color, as well as the patient’s skin type, age and other factors, treatment for benign but unattractive birthmarks may take the form of laser or pulsed light therapy, microdermabrasion or surgical excision.
Skin Cancer Surgery
Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States and involves abnormal growths of skin cells that can form anywhere on the body, but most frequently appear on skin that is exposed to the sun. There are more than a million new cases of skin cancer in the US each year. Although most cases of skin cancer can be successfully treated, it is still important to keep skin safe and healthy and try to prevent this disease.
There are three major types of skin cancer that affect associated layers of the skin:
- Squamous cell carcinoma affects the squamous cells, which are just below the outer surface of the skin and serve as the inner lining. It is responsible for 10% of all skin cancers. These growths can vary in appearance and may be new or a change to a pre-existing mole. Most cases can be completely removed through minimally invasive procedures.
- Basal cell carcinoma affects the basal cells, which lay under the squamous cells and produce new skin cells. It is responsible for 80 to 85% of all skin cancers. This type of cancer rarely spreads and can usually be removed easily, but is still a serious condition that requires prompt treatment. It may appear on the skin as a new growth that bleeds easily or does not heal quickly and may be white, pink, flesh-colored or brown.
- Melanoma is the most serious form of skin cancer and affects the melanocytes, which produce melanin. Relatively rare, it is responsible for 5% of all skin cancers but is the most dangerous and is the leading cause of death from skin disease. The earliest symptoms of melanoma are abnormal growths on the skin or changes in existing moles. Melanoma is usually diagnosed through a full skin exam and a biopsy of the suspicious-looking area.
Skin cancers vary in shape, color, size and texture, so any new, changed or otherwise suspicious growths or rashes should be examined immediately by a physician. Early intervention is essential to preventing the cancer from spreading.
To learn more about Skin Surgery or to make an appointment, call us at 516-869-6200.